The chart below provides additional information including the years of settlement and founders of each. %���� (1) Attempts to Overthrow British Rule (2) Development of Self-Government in the American Colonies (3) Establishment of British Parliamentary Control Over the Colonies (4) Social Reform Movements in the American Colonies. However, because of its small size and quiet demeanor, the colony of Plymouth was allowed to continue undisturbed by the Stuarts. Bordered by Connecticut and Massachusetts. Sir Ferdinando Gorges, governor of Plymouth, was the moving spirit of the company, and despite his losses in the expedition of 1607-1608, he showed a determination worthy of a Sir Walter Raleigh. The middle colonies were much more diverse than the New England colonies. The colonists of these different colonies hoped to find different things in the “New World.” Some sought economic opportunities while others left England for political or religious reasons. stream Rhode Island 3. tion made in New York three vears before said 'I would ha Ye then ordered the like .J accounts to ' be taken J in New Jersey, but I was advised that it might make the people uneasy, they being generally of a New England extraction, and thereby eJ;lthusiasts; and that they "\Vould take it … Click for prints and products. By the time of the American Revolutionary War, New England had become a wealthy haven for merchants. of the New England colonies. Determined to migrate to the new land of America, they got permission from the London Company to settle in; but their pilot brought them to the shores of Cape Cod, where they landed December 21, 1620. The New England colonies were settled by Pilgrim families who landed at Plymouth Rock after separating from the Anglican church over differences in theology. Map Flip Chart To wrap up our study of the New England Colonies, I thought I would do a flip chart in the form of a map. These “Independents” had separated from the Church of England because it retained in its worship many features, such as vestments, altars, and ceremonies, which seemed to them as “idolatrous” as the Roman Catholic rites, which England had rejected. The 13 Colonies Chart provides important information and interesting facts about each of the 13 Colonies including the date the colony was established, the region (New England, Middle or Southern) the system of government, religion, details New Hampshire. Key Colonies Name each colony that belongs to each region. Study every night! In 1628 a company of Puritan gentlemen secured a grant of land from the council and began the largest and most important of the English settlements in America — the colony of Massachusetts Bay. Required fields are marked *. Their relative diversity was evident in both their ethnic and religious makeup. • The New England region offered a much more hospitable environment for settlers – The climate was not as volatile and the region was not susceptible to insects and disease • Whole family units offered a greater chance of survival • The life expectancy of settlers in the New England colonies was comparable to today (70+ years) Each and every one of these colonies had their own specific developments that were unique to the regions. <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> 2 0 obj Consequently, its government, which was carried on by the democratic institution of the town meeting, was never legal in the eyes of the English court. William Penn's colony was founded with religious freedom as a core tenet. Apr 30, 2019 - Explore JMR History's board "Colonial America Worksheets with Answer Keys" on Pinterest. Connecticut 4. This company sent out a colony in the very year that the London Company settled Jamestown in 1607, but one winter in the little fort at the mouth of the Kennebec River, on the ice-bound coast of Maine, was enough to send the frozen settlers back to England. In 1614, Gorges sent Captain John Smith, who had earlier played an important part in founding Jamestown, to explore the coast of “northern Virginia,” as the Plymouth grant was called. When - 1620 CoS - Mayflower, Separatist Puritans Folks - Bradford (2nd gov.) Many of these separatist congregations took refuge in Holland in 1608 but were not content to be absorbed into the Dutch nation and have their children forget the customs and speech of England. ;�U��.���� /�4\b�}����>���G*�|��zMw��`Z5�N~f� ���idO����4��%!��}#�c�.���>P�Pn%`���?��S=:D�я��%n��U}:�N��xY�U���|�_,��UqK�X������*�ח�b��O�����7�o�$��ږE�Ų9��}x. --financing - motivation for founding - … I indicated where the glue should be applied when the tabs are ready to be added. Yet, when the Mayflower returned to England in the spring, not one of the colonists went with her. Years later, in 1691, Plymouth would be annexed to the powerful neighboring colony of Massachusetts Bay. <> 3 0 obj People used a barter system instead of money. New England colonies ©The Clever Teacher 2019 Name: _____ Colony Founder Reason Founded Massachusetts Plymouth Massachusetts Bay Connecticut New Hampshire Rhode Island YouTube Videos: Mr. Zoller’s Thirteen Colonies (3 part series) They remained loyal to the Church of England but advocated for significant religious reform. Chart on new england, middle, and southern colonies . Crops that grow well in the other regions, such as rice and wheat, do not thrive in this climate. Comparison and Contrast of the New England, Middle and Southern Colonies. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. It took its part bravely in the defense of the New England settlements against the Indians and saw half its towns destroyed in King Phillip’s War in 1675. He was as glad to have the latter out of England as his father had been to get rid of the former, and he granted the Massachusetts charter less as a favor than as a sentence of exile. While the settlement at Plymouth was slowly growing, several attempts were made by Gorges and other members of the Massachusetts Council for New England to plant colonies in the New World. The spot was rechristened Boston, after the Puritan fishing village in the east of England, where John Cotton was the pastor. Summary of key people, events, and concepts in the early New England and Middle colonies. x��=ko�8���?�۹i�HQ�4�3��.6��3�]v��n�������~���~P>��MJU,��z���������O?��iq������W�} aeŊO7�_���HAiWVM�Ҷ�i���������~z��_'���`'�bY�~�~}{�_l��]�ns� ��f���.�����ׯ�H M�����}��ċl����wE�L��c?TU��tو��L��?N�5|�N��U�U�4��ٓak� �ߞv��Y��5���. Rulers enforced uniformity in creed and worship, in the belief that it was necessary to the preservation of their authority. Although economic prosperity was still a goal of the New England settlers, their true goal was spiritual. 13 Colonies Regional Differences; Plymouth. New England Colonies. 2. The British Colonies at a Glance Use your notes and Slides located in Google Classroom to complete the chart. Instead, they came of their own free will to found homes in the wilderness, where, unmolested, they might worship God according to their conscience. Unit 3, Chapter 5: New England Colonies. Facts - Mayflower … endobj 13 Original Colonies Chart. In 1629, King Charles I  angrily dismissed his Parliament and entered on his eleven years’ course of despotism, at which time, several leading members of the Massachusetts Company decided to emigrate to America themselves and take their charter with them. Was part of the New England colonies. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. A few weeks after the formation of this new company, a group of 100 men and women, later known as the “Pilgrims,” landed the little vessel of Mayflower at Plymouth. The 13 English Colonies Directions: While reading “The 13 English Colonies,” use the chart below to take notes. The people in the New England colonies had a puritan form of religion (“Climate of the Three Colonies” par. The Puritans arrived about a decade later. John Endicott had established the first settlers of the company at Salem in 1628, but when the main body of emigrants came over with John Winthrop two years later, the colony was transferred to a narrow neck of land a few miles to the south, known to the Indians as Shawmut. Organize your notes so you are able to look horizontally to see similarities and differences between the 3 regions. Although they had neither a right to the soil, nor power to establish a government, before the Pilgrims landed, they gathered in the cabin of the Mayflower and pledged themselves to form a government and obey it. Whales were common up the coast and became a valuable resource for the colonies. During this time, religion was an affair of the state, not alone of private choice. In 1630 they sent over to Massachusetts, 17 ships with nearly 1,000 colonists. 1 0 obj 1). They had come to conquer the wilderness or die, and their determination was expressed in the brave words of one of their leaders: “It is not with us as with men whom small things can discourage.”  The little colony grew slowly and was never granted a charter by the king. <>>> PLAY. On a social level, New England was a region where neighbors knew one another. Their objective was neither to explore the country for gold nor to find a northwest passage to the Indies. 1) religious freedom, 2) not happy with the church of England, 3) second chance for debtors or prisoners, 4) England was too crowded, 5) no jobs in England and pay was low, 6) gold, 7) land New England Colonies About 50 scattered settlements were established by March 1629 around the shores and on the islands of Boston harbor. Their economy was based on trading, fishing, and shipbuilding. The base sheet for the flip chart is basically a nap of the New England Colonies. The base sheet for the flip chart is basically a nap of the New England Colonies. New England families earned their livelihoods in many ways. The next year, they obtained from King Charles I, a royal charter constituting them a political body ruled by a governor, a deputy governor, and eighteen “assistants,” all elected by the members of the company. Virginia: 1607: Southern: John Smith: Anglican: Royal: Trade and profits: Tobacco: Founded as joint-stock company. Updated 10-24-15 In this chapter, students will be introduced to the geography of the English colonies and will then study life in the New England colonies. People in New England towns lived, worked, and worshiped close together. The 13 colonies can be divided into three regions: New England, Middle, and Southern colonies. In the 1700s, the triangular trade led directly to the Winthrop and Cotton were the leading spirits of the colony in its first twenty years: the former, a cultivated gentleman from the south of England, serving almost continually as governor; the latter, a scholar, and preacher of great power acting as director of the Massachusetts conscience. Pilgrims Mayflower Compact Puritans Great Migration Fundamental Orders of Connecticut Roger Williams Anne Hutchinson King Philip’s War Taking Notes Use your chart to take notes about the New England colonies. The 13 Original U.S. Colonies . Fed up with the ceremonial Church of England, Pilgrims and Puritans sought to recreate society in the manner they believed God truly intended it to be designed. Regardless, the new English colonies grew rapidly. %PDF-1.5 <> For men who were too brave to conceal their convictions, and too honest to modify them at the command of the sovereign, only three courses were open, — to submit to persecution and martyrdom, to rise in armed resistance, or to retire to a place beyond the reach of the king’s arm. 1921 painting by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris. Puritans decided to flee England due to persecution. The southern colonies had a warm climate, and this made it a comfortable area for the colonialists. Our cookies are delicious. 1. Facts 4 0 obj The first winter of 1620-1621 was difficult for the immigrants. Also, they participated in government. The New England Colonies Map has a variety pictures that similar to locate out the most recent pictures of The New England Colonies Map here, and moreover you can acquire the pictures through our best the new england colonies map collection. View Map View More Resources Related Resources. The New England colonies consisted of Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire, Connecticut, and Rhode Island. For trade with colonies For gold found in the … STUDY. Only 60 of 1st 900 colonists survived. New England Colonies. Map of Connecticut and the New England Colonies. Your email address will not be published. The thirteen English colonies were founded between 1607 and 1733. Mayflower Compact, by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris, 1932. Timber was often exported back to England and furs were sold. The North American colonies that were settled by the English are often divided into three different groups: the New England colonies, the Middle colonies, and the Southern colonies. We use cookies. C. New England town meetings. It was the first instance of complete self-government in the nation’s history, as the assembly which met at Jamestown the year before the landed, was called together by orders from the Virginia Company in England. The New England Colonies were a theocracy, which meant that the church controlled the government.The Middle Colonies had their government and church separated. 1610 350 (all in Virginia) 1620 2,302 (Virginia and Plymouth Plantation) The chart below shows the total population of Britain’s colonies from the founding of Jamestown, Va., in 1607 to the 1790 census, the first census of the U.S. government. Although lacking a charter, the founders of Plymouth in Massachusetts were, like their counterparts in Virginia, dependent upon private investments from profit-minded backers to finance their colony.The nucleus of that settlement was drawn from an enclave of English émigrés in Leiden, Holland (now in The Netherlands). About 50 scattered settlements were established by March 1629 around the shores and on … The New England Colonies of British America included Connecticut Colony, the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Massachusetts Bay Colony, Plymouth Colony, and the Province of New Hampshire, as well as a few smaller short-lived colonies.The New England colonies were part of the Thirteen Colonies and eventually became five of the six states in New England. Was part of the New England colonies. Printer Friendly. The Puritan work ethic and religious beliefs influence American culture today. ]����-��}�Z. New England Colonies Middle Colonies Southern Colonies Information and Facts with the Plymouth Colony Fact File Fast facts and interesting information about the founding, establishment, geography, climate, religion, history, natural resources, raw material, industries (refer to Colonial Times) and the famous historical people associated with the Plymouth Colony of Colonial America. endobj Farmers grew crops and made leather goods. While the settlement at Plymouth was slowly growing, several attempts were made by Gorges and other members of the Massachusetts Council for New England to plant colonies in the New World. While the “Old Dominion” was being established at Jamestown, Virginia, a very different history was taking place in the northern regions granted to the Ferdinando Plymouth Company. The founders of the New England colonies had an entirely different mission from the Jamestown settlers. See more ideas about colonial america, answer keys, answers. Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay 2. In addition, the The New England colonies. In 1620 Gorges persuaded the king to make a new grant of this territory to a number of nobles and gentlemen about the court, who was designated as the Council for New England. The Puritans, like the Separatists, protested against what they called “the idolatrous remnants of papacy” in the English Church; but, unlike the Separatists, they believed in reforming the Church from within rather than leaving its communion. The middle colonies were also more tolerant than their northern counterparts. He little dreamed that he was laying the foundations of a practically independent state in his distant domain of America. New England Colonies Middle Colonies Southern Colonies Any information on comparing and contrasting these elements of the New England, Middle, and Southern colonies would be a life saver! Winthrop was in control of the colony. They were not sent by the Council for New England or by the London Company. After the establishment of the thirteen British colonies were divided into three geographical areas, these areas include: the New England, Middle and Southern colonies. This means to trade goods. New England Colonies Mid Atlantic Colonies 1. The meetinghouse was the most important building in the town. However, King Charles I, coming more and more under the influence of men who thought the only ecclesiastical reform needed was the extermination of independent opinions of all sorts, and the lamblike submission of Church, courts, and parliaments to the royal will made little distinction in his despotic mind between Separatists and Puritans. The climate negatively affected people’s lives because it facilitated the spread of diseases that killed many people. Your email address will not be published. Landing of the Pilgrims on Plymouth, by Peter Frederick RockRothermel, 1869. New England experiences long, cold, and very snowy winters and short, warm summers. If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. Bordered by New Hampshire, Connecticut, New York, and Rhode Island. New England Colonies Agriculture in the New England colonies was hampered by both the climate and the physical environment. Politically, the little colony was of slight importance, but its moral and religious influence on New England was great. As I have said before, my 5th graders really enjoy making and using flip charts as a review in my Social Studies classes. Establish English colony in New World: Colonists disappeared without a trace. ... 13 Colonies Chart - Comparison of colonies and regions. The Pilgrims demonstrated that industry and courage could conquer even the inhospitable soil and climate of the Massachusetts shore and that unflinching devotion to an ideal could make of the wilderness, a home. endobj The second sheet has the individual colonies with the dotted lines the form the flaps. New England’s main source of commerce was its fish and timber. Your notes should be in your own words. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains * and * are unblocked. Unlike previous att… The first Thanksgiving with the Pilgrims. Their goal was to settle in a new land where they could practice their religion as they wished without pressure to conform. House of Burgesses (1619). Massachusetts Rhode island Connecticut New hampshire New york New jersey Pennsylvania Delaware 2.Reason(s) for Settlement. (Last Privacy Policy Update July 2020), Byways & Historic Trails – Great Drives in America, Soldiers and Officers in American History, Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site, Massachusetts, Delphine LaLaurie and Her Haunted Mansion. New England colonies encouraged democratic ideas. Their home was in America. The Southern Colonies were an Oligarchy, which meant that wealthy plantation owners controlled the government since they could pay for their expenses. Fishers caught fish and shipped to customers in Europe. Smith made a map of the coast from Cape Cod to Nova Scotia, and called the land “New England.” On the map of America that he made, he first set down such familiar names as Cambridge, the Charles River, Plymouth, and Cape Ann.
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